Improved ADOM Guidebook
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1st kill - Cats - Karmics -
Monster types: Animals - Dragons - Jellies - Undead -
Annoying monsters: Early game - Midgame - Late game -
Weapon status - Uberjackal effect - Gaining experience -
Spellcasting monsters: Spell ranges - Spell powers - Directed spells -
Touch attacks spells - Non-targeted spells - Summoners and Breeders - Rage -
Afraid - Boss monsters
The ADOM Manual has a section about experience and
advancement, which is achieved mainly via :killing monsters.
To see how much a neighbouring monster is injured, use :w. Another underused ability every PC has
is to :swap positions with monster. However this mostly does not work with hostile monsters.
Press & to access the monster memory.
0.9.1 Significance of the first kill
Many new ADOM players are dismayed to find that they need to know what monster
their PC killed first. By the time they find this out, they have forgotten, of
course. Write it down, rename your PC to reflect your first kill, do anything
necessary to remember that first kill. It is very important, especially if you
are going to attempt an ultra ending.
0.9.1.1 Courage skill
There is a description of the Courage skill in the ADOM Manual. It is
worthwhile to acquire it, although many players ignore it and have finished the
game without it. The skill is obtained by finishing the Old Barbarian's quest:
kill an additional score (20) of the monster your PC first killed. Note that
the Old Barbarian will not give the quest to PCs who have chaotic alignment.
0.9.1.2 Filk quest
The Filk quest is for very advanced players attempting an ultra ending. The
quest objective is to find and kill the named quickling bard Filk. He can be
found in the Infinite Dungeon on the level number corresponding to the number
of first-kill monsters the PC has killed. This will of course be a minimum
of 21 if the PC has acquired the Courage skill. It can also change during
the quest if the PC kills additional first-kill monsters after being assigned
the quest. See section 220.127.116.11 for more about the Filk quest.
0.9.1.3 Strategy for the first kill: where and what?
There are many schools of thought on what the first kill should be. If the PC
wants to acquire the Courage skill quickly after being assigned the Old
Barbarian's quest, the monsters should be readily available. If the PC
also plans to do the Filk quest later in the game, the total number of
first-killed monsters killed must be minimized in order to prevent a tedious
and dangerous dive into the Infinite Dungeon. Some experienced players will
ignore the Old Barbarian's quest for the Courage skill. This makes it very
easy to complete the Filk quest, since if the player has chosen wisely the PC
will have killed only one of the monsters in question. Some players choose to
make the first kill in Lawenilothehl for this reason. Muggers, for instance,
are found only in Lawenilothehl and the Assassins' Guild. Skriek, the ratling
found in Lawenilothehl, is the only cloaked ratling in the game (although killing
him means the PC can no longer buy keys from him, which can save the PC's life).
Hotzenplotz, who is also located in Lawenilothehl, is the only crime lord in the
game. He is not easy for an experience level one PC to kill, but it can be done
with Wizards who have a good offensive bolt spell (not Magic Missile), or
Hurthling Archers who start the game with level five skill in thrown rocks.
Hotzenplotz's guardians Grunge and Munge are likewise the only two half-orc
bouncers in the game.
If the PC wants the Courage skill and wants to attempt an ultra ending, the
following requirements must be met: the first kill must be a monster readily
available after receiving the Old Barbarian's quest; it must also be uncommon
in the various dungeons the PC will face so that the Filk quest does not get
out of control. Entering the Small Cave at the start of the game and killing
a rat, kobold or goblin as the first kill, for instance, makes it much more
difficult to finish an ultra ending.
Beggars, goodwives, children, and farmers all make good, risk free first kills
(the alignment drop is pretty negligible). For the latter 3, you should lure
them out of Terinyo first. Also, if you're going for both Courage and the Filk
quest, outlaws are excellent first kills, since they're rare enough to avoid,
but can be easily generated on the road by the Pyramid, as well as being guaranteed
0.9.2 Cats f - the significance of felines
There are three types of monsters that count as cats in ADOM: wild cats, cave tiges
and cave lions.
The Cat Lord resides on D: 35 in the Caverns of Chaos. He rewards PCs who have
avoided killing any cats with a powerful artifact ring. He will be hostile
towards PCs that have killed cats and becomes more powerful with each cat killed
(+10 HP for each cat killed, +1 level for each 25 cats killed, max level 20).
Many players consider the Ring of the Master Cat to be the most powerful and
desirable ring in the game. It grants +16 to Dexterity and +16 to speed. In
addition it causes the PC to deliver considerably more critical hits with melee
and missile weapons and grants the Fate smiles intrinsic.
It is important to remember that even after receiving the ring, the PC must not
kill any cats while wearing it, since it explodes in that circumstance. The
ring does not explode if it is in the backpack or left on another level when a
cat is killed after receiving the RotMC.
Make no mistake about it, the requirement to kill no cats for the entire game is
a difficult one, causing many to refer to them as "those damn cats." The power
of the ring makes it worthwhile to attempt to avoid killing them.
There are several ways to deal with cats. Teleportation is one, from a wand or
spell. Either teleport the cat away, especially if the PC does not have
teleport control, or teleport the PC. Potions of exchange thrown at a cat will
turn it into another monster. Potions of raw chaos, available at any time once
the PC has Moon Sickle, will turn cats into writhing masses of primal chaos when
thrown at cats. Cats can be led over traps until they are killed or turned into
a writhing mass of primal chaos. Luring a cat across an alarm trap causes other
monsters to become hostile and attack the cat. Note that the PC is charged with
killing a cat if she creates or sets off a trap that
kills a cat. Wands of destruction can be used to safely kill cats since monsters
"destroyed" in this way do not appear in the kill list.
PCs that are near Dwarftown can bring cats to Dwarftown and have the Priest, for
instance, kill them. This is probably a bit dangerous, since bringing hostile
monsters into Dwarftown repeatedly may eventually result in some of the
inhabitants becoming hostile. It should also be possible for PCs near the
Banshee's level to bring cats to her level and have her wail kill them.
Additional monsters that can be used include vortices. Lure a cat close enough
to one and allow it to explode. Be familiar with vortices before trying this.
Companions can kill cats for you. Cave lions and wild cats can be tamed with
rat and/or giant rat corpses, if you have enough of them. Cave tigers can
eventually be tamed with pieces of fresh and/or raw meat, but it requires five
or more pieces. If the PC can become invisible, and has not attacked the cat in
question, it can simply be walked away from. Cats can be confused with the
Ventriloquism skill. While they are confused, run away. Cats can also be
confused or blinded by throwing potions of confusion or blindness at them.
Again the run away tactic would be used.
0.9.3 Karmic beings
Karmic monsters come in three main varieties: karmic lizards l,
(ancient) karmic (baby) dragons D and named great karmic wyrms W.
They can be identified by the fact that they change color with each turn.
Be very careful if the PC encounters a lizard
with the walk command. It may allow the PC to wind up right next to the
lizard, in which case you may not have time to notice the color change.
Karmics demand caution because attacking them in melee causes the PC to lose
the Fate smiles intrinsic, then the Lucky intrinsic followed by cursing then
dooming if the PC continues. This is not a 100% guaranteed effect. PCs can
kill karmics in one hit and not suffer the consequences. However, it happens
so often that karmics should not be engaged in melee if it is possible to
avoid it. Killing them with magic, missiles, Mindcraft or companions is the
way to dispatch them. The changing color of karmics reflects the nature of
karmic dragons. They breathe not one element, like ordinary dragons, but have
all the breath attacks available, varying from turn to turn depending on
their color. This also means that they are immune to all elemental magical
attacks. Unfortunately karmic dragon scale mail is not available in the game.
;-) They are vulnerable to dragon slaying ammo.
Three unique beings share the cursing/dooming property of karmics: Filk,
the quickling bard, the Oracle, and Sharad-Waador, the ancient karmic wyrm.
Karmic beings will occasionally leave corpses when killed. Eating the corpse
of a karmic being will, in order, remove the Doomed intrinsic if present, remove
the Cursed intrinsic if present, grant the Lucky intrinsic if not present and
grant the Fate smiles intrinsic if not present. Remember all or any of these
intrinsics can be present simultaneously. Thus a PC that is Doomed and Lucky
would lose the Doomed intrinsic and retain the Lucky intrinsic after eating a
karmic corpse. The same is true for a PC that has the Cursed and Doomed
intrinsics - the PC would lose the Doomed intrinsic but not the Cursed intrinsic
and would not gain either the Lucky or Fate smiles intrinsics.
0.9.4 Monster types
Each monster is typically categorized based on attributes relating to the monster's race,
body type etc. Each monster shares certain attributes with other monsters in the same category,
usually including a common vulnerability to certain weapons (such as missiles "of -foo- slaying").
Such categories are commonly referred to as monster types, or mob types.
Listed below are all the known monster types in ADOM. Note that a number of known monsters
do not appear to belong to any of these categories; rather, their monster type can be said to
be "Unknown". Examples are eyes e, most fantastic beasts F, unicorns U,
mimics m, rust monsters R, will o'wisp *, and living wall #.
Furthermore, it is possible for a monster to fall into more than one category,
eg. golems are construct humanoids, skeletons, zombies, liches etc. are undead humanoids,
and Andor Drakon is a demonic humanoid.
Animals are a diverse mixture of semi-intelligent monsters, which usually can be affected by mindcraft
(with the exception of a few such as rabid dogs), but can't use equipment and tend not speak in a
comprehensible language. The monster class consists of several monsters, including some fantastic beasts F.
- There are no known weapons that slay all animals.
- Beastfighters attacking animals in unarmed melee have a greater chance of landing critical hits on them than against any other type of monsters.
- All animals can be calmed and eventually tamed by music.
- If the PC is a Druid, all animals in the game will be generated non-hostile. The main exception to this is in the evil druid Keethrax's
lair in the Druid Dungeon.
- Additionally, if the PC is a Druid it is a major offence to their god to sacrifice an animal.
The following are animal subtypes:
- Aquatics A - underwater creatures found in the Water Dragon Cave, they have a speed bonus while in water.
- Bats B - these annoying little creatures rank among the weakest monsters. However, they all see in darkness, see invisible,
and ignore water (and traps). And they taste like chicken, whatever that might mean.
- Bears N - nothing remarkable.
- Cats f - see section 0.9.2 above.
- Dogs d - can be tamed by giving them bones.
- Insects - ants a, bees b, centipedes c, and bugs i - artifact weapon ebony spear "Bugbiter"
and sling bullets of insect slaying slay them all;
they are immune to mindcraft (except giant ant warrior, giant ant queen, giant bee queen, giant bee warrior and ankheg). Almost all insect corpses
provide intrinsics or other special effects. They are also largely indigestible and cause the PC to vomit, losing satiation.
- Lizards l - lizard meat is very tough, meaning that cooking it yields a much greater amount of satiation. Many lizards feature
elemental ranged attack.
- Snakes s - all snakes poison, but their corpses don't provide poison resistance.
- Spiders S - are not classified as insects, but are a separate animal subtype.
Obviously, they are poisonous, and they ignore webs. Except tarantulas, spiders also spin webs. Their corpses grant poison resistance (except
- Rabbits r - they only appear on special Battle Bunny level, deep in the CoC. Rabbit knife slays them.
- Rats r - the artifact weapon Cat's Claw slays them; they are potent swimmers.
- Worms w - see later annoying monsters.
0.9.4.2 Constructs Y
Constructs, or unlife, are insentient or semi-sentient monsters, that are damaged and destroyed by attacks rather than injured and killed.
The main types of monsters belonging to the construct/unlife category are golems and statues Y, and construct humanoids such as gargoyles and
margoyles I. Vortices V, elementals E, grues x, and animated armors [ are also constructs.
- All constructs are immune to death rays, stunning, paralysis, blindness, petrification, poison, sickness.
- Amulet of protection from constructs protects against their special attacks 60% / 80% / 120% of the time B/U/C. It does not protect against
explosion of a vortex.
- Unlife slayers in the game include arrows/quarrels "of construct slaying"; and a small number of artifact weapons including Purifier and
- Note that although the game most often uses the term "constructs" to refer to the monster type, weapons that slay constructs display the
line "It is an unlife slayer." when Greater Identify is applied to them.
- Mindcraft and stethoscopes cannot be used on constructs.
- They never panic or become enraged.
- Weapons of vampirism and Necromancer's Shadow Touch do not provide HP if used against constructs.
A construct subtype exists, called Elementals, which includes (greater) elementals and vortices. They are aligned to one the elements -
fire, ice, air/lightning, acid, water, earth. Elementals feature immunity to their element (of course), and ranged attack (elementals) or explosion (vortices).
Elementals not aligned with fire or earth can cross water.
0.9.4.3 Demons &
Demons are uncommon monsters that include some of the most powerful monsters in the game.
Apart from molochs and least daemons, most demons have corrupting attacks and/or magical powers such as an elemental breath weapon.
Almost all members of the demon monster type are represented by the & symbol; though some monsters such as grues x,
imps and quasits I, and chaos knights h also belong to the group. The category includes all elemental demons, molochs,
greater molochs, balors, greater demons; and all the fearsome artifact guardians, the Emperor Moloch, the Greater Balor, and Andor Drakon.
Demons are vulnerable to the aptly named arrows/quarrels of demon slaying. Additionally, several artifact weapons in the game slay demons:
the Trident of the Red Rooster, the Rune-covered Trident, Executor, Purifier and Vanquisher. Furthermore, blessed weapons deal 1.5 times
their base damage to demons.
0.9.4.4 Dragons D
This monster type consists solely of monsters represented by the letter D or W - dragons and wyrms. All dragons have breath attacks,
whilst wyrms have extra magical attacks too. Nearly all dragons are associated with an element; with the exception of karmic dragons (which harness
all elements), and shadow wyrms (which harness undead powers). Also, most dragons are chaotic, with the exception of Sharad-Waador and water dragons.
- They are vulnerable to any weapon (greater) identified as "a dragon slayer". These include arrows/quarrels of dragon slaying,
and the artifact weapons Wyrmlance and Vanquisher.
- A number of dragons yield a small alignment boost when killed. Of course, this only includes dragons that are chaotic
to begin with, and does not include baby dragons.
- Colored dragons and wyrms can be enraged by giving them a dragon-hide item that is the same color as them.
They will also instantly destroy the item. There is, of course, usually very little reason to actually do this.
In 1.1.1, black and white dragons react to the opposite color when given items like this, instead of their own.
- Dragons have a unique characteristic when killed: a dragon that has picked up gold pieces will drop twice as many
when killed, in addition to whatever gold and other treasure it may have been
carrying. This is probably a bug and can obviously be used to multiply the
PC's gold potentially indefinitely once he is buff enough to dispatch dragons.
There is some risk involved since many types of dragons can destroy entire
heaps of gold with their breath attacks. Note that the amount of gold in a single
stack is limited to a 32-bit integer (231 - 1 or 2,147,483,647). Generating
larger stacks will cause errors.
This so called "dragon doubling bug" was fixed, dragons no longer double gold.
- All dragons and wyrms can smash doors.
0.9.4.5 Giants H
Interestingly, various monsters whose name begins with the "giant" adjective are not giants at all -
such as giant rat, giant rust monster etc. On the other hand, monsters with "giant" not as the first word are
in fact giants - such as hill giant, fire giant king or frost giant jarl.
Giants also include titans, cyclops, and the ettin O. As one can imagine, great physical strength is of
course a common attribute amongst giants, as is their corresponding ability to grant the PC some extra Strength when eaten.
Also, most giants use missile weapons. When a titan (or moloch) is approaching, you will hear "*THUMB*". Weapons
which slay giants are only arrow/quarrel of giant slaying, Grod and Vanquisher.
0.9.4.6 Humanoids @
Humanoids are a diverse class of monsters that are at least semi-intelligent, capable of some sort of speech,
and know how to equip, use, and throw items. Construct humanoids (golems) are an exception. Humanoids make up
the largest group of monsters; making humanoid slaying weapons particularly desirable.
The monster class consists of several monsters including humans @, small humanoids h,
grungy humanoids g (goblins, hobgoblins, gnolls, bugbears), imps I, orcs o, ogres O, pixies and
quicklings p, minotaurs M, ratlings r, kobolds k, berserkers and barbarians K,
townsfolk t, trolls T, giant humanoids H, extraplanar beings X, underdark beings u,
chaos creatures C, werebeasts, and also most demons &.
- Arrows and quarrels of humanoid slaying exists, along with Kinslayer, Skullcrusher, Serpent's Bite, Executor and Vanquisher.
- Humanoids can be Chatted with, and are capable of using items in a number of ways.
- Humanoids can be pickpocketed.
- They are vulnerable to Mindcraft.
0.9.4.7 Jellies j
Jellies can be troublesome in the early game due to several of their attacks -
sickness, corrosion, poison, confusion, paralyzation. Gray oozes and ochre jellies will corrode
weapons made of iron, mithril and adamantium or damage the PC with their acidic attacks
when fighting unarmed. Gloves will be immediately destroyed. Mithril and adamantium
weapons are more resistant to corrosion, but it will happen eventually - do not attempt
to clear a jelly pit in melee with weapons made of iron (especially), mithril or adamantium.
This can be problematic for a low level PC. Spells or missiles are preferable, but if a
low level PC must melee these critters, stone weapons are a good choice since they do not
corrode. Alternatively, the PC can wield a si and bash the jelly with it. As an artifact,
the si cannot be damaged. PCs that are acid resistant will take no damage unarmed.
Gelatinous cubes can be particularly annoying because of their ability
to destroy items that are lying on the ground. Losing that waterproof
blanket in the SMC to one of these ugly blobs is extremely frustrating.
Easily killed with missiles, spells and mindcraft.
One of the nastier jellies is the stone ooze. The paralysis attack of
these can be very, very nasty for PCs who have no means of paralyzation
resistance (such as an amulet of free action). Attack them from a
distance or run away.
Here is the list of all jellies and their specialties:
- death ooze, yellow ooze - poisons, regeneration
- gelatinous cube - paralyzes, dissolves items on ground
- gibbering mouther - confuses
- gray ooze, ochre jelly - breeder, corrodes weapons (or hands, gloves, boots)
- green blob, green slime - breeder, sickens
- stone ooze - breeder, paralyzes, bypasses PV
- writhing mass of primal chaos - corrupts, slows; very dangerous for low level PCs
Apart from arrows and quarrels of jelly slaying, only Soaker and Vanquisher slay jellies.
0.9.4.8 Plants P
Apart from animated trees in the Animated Forest, and the shambling mound, also green blob and green slime are considered plants.
PC cannot use :s command to swap places with them (even Monks and Beastfighters using their class powers).
When killed, animated trees often drop logs, usable in Bridge Building and Fletchery. Woodcraft skill slightly increases probability to score
critical hits against plants.
Regular trees T are probably plants as well, however they can't be attacked. Though
you may extract logs from them by Using a hatchet on them. Be wary that chopping trees is
very long process, which is shortened by the Woodcraft skill. It is rumored that handling trees may yield treasure if one is persistent enough.
There are no arrows or quarrels of plant slaying. The two artifact weapons which slay plants are
Scorched Spear and Black Thumb.
Sling bullets of plant slaying were added.
0.9.4.9 Undead Z
Undead are a class of monsters consisting of reanimated corpses and spirits. They can be created
by PC Necromancers using Necromancy, summoned by NPC Necromancers, or found randomly.
The Dwarven Graveyard and the more generic, CoC Graveyard both feature massive numbers of undead.
You can find even yet more undead by digging up the graves in a graveyard.
|Undead ||Special attack ||Other notes
|skeletons ||none ||giving bones heals them; don't leave corpses but bones
|zombies ||none ||corpse poisons
|ghuls ||paralyzation ||corpse paralyzes
|ghosts ||aging ||leave no corpses, ignore walls
|liches ||glowing balls, confusion, paralyzation||more powerful liches have additional spells; immune to cold 
|mummies ||sickness ||vulnerable to fire
|shadows ||attribute drain ||ignore water
|spirits ||attribute drain ||corpses provide To and alignment drop
 Regular liches are also vulnerable to fire.
Skeletons: skeleton z, skeletal warrior, skeletal king Z
Zombies: zombie z, steel zombie Y
Ghuls: ghul, frozen one z
Ghosts: ghost, ghost lord, ghost king G, ghost bat B
Liches: lich, master lich, lich king, emperor lich L
Mummies: mummy, greater mummy, revenant Z, corpse fiend z
Shadows: shadow, shadow lord, slow shadow G, shadow troll T, shadow centipede c, shadow wyrm W
Spirits: spectre, wraight G, vampire, wight Z
- All undead can attack in the dark.
- All undead are immune to death rays, blindness, confusion, stunning, paralysis, poison, sickness.
- Liches, mummies, the Banshee and Griff Bloodax can see invisible.
- Amulet of protection from undead protects against their special attacks 60% / 80% / 120% of the time B/U/C.
- Necromancers level 6 and Paladins level 40 get some resistances against undead attacks, especially attribute drain and paralyzation.
- Paladins and Priests have the ability to turn undead, when they are in good standing with their deity.
When turned, any affected undead will become scared and attempt to flee. Holding a holy symbol and Using it will accomplish
the same thing, but this costs a small amount of piety. Level 40 Priests can instantly destroy undead, through a class power.
- Weapons with the suffix of the sun will do double damage to the undead. Blessed items will similarly inflict +50% damage on undead
(and demons). Finally, slaying weapons and ammunition that slay undead will get an automatic critical hit. A mace of disruption is
a non-artifact undead slayer.
- Destroy Undead spell, as one might imagine, inflicts decent damage on undead. Healing spells damage the undead instead of healing them,
thus allowing Healers (and others lacking more offensive spells) an additional opportunity. Likewise, Bless spell causes damage to undead
instead of standard effect. Thrown (or wielded) potions of holy water also work.
- Mindcrafters are warned to never use their mind-damaging powers against the undead, as the experience causes a backlash, harming
the Mindcrafter. At level 50, they receive only half of this damage. Note that telekinetic powers (Telekinetic Blast and Greater
Telekinetic Blast) are safe to use against undead as they do not cause backlash damage. Undead are also not visible for Eyes of the Mind.
0.9.5 Strategies for dealing with particularly annoying monsters
Suggestions for more annoying monsters are welcome. No uniques, though -
they are dealt with in the section pertaining to their location.
This section is about annoying monsters. Not necessarily very dangerous
or life-threatening, just monsters that are your personal pet peeve with some
attack or characteristic that infuriates you.
0.9.5.1 Early game
0.9.5.3 Late game
- annihilators C
Can destroy your precious eternium gear in no time.
- gorgons F
These are very dangerous because of their petrifying attack. By the way,
petrification means death. Do not eat a gorgon's corpse unless the PC is wearing an amulet of petrification
resistance! (or has petrification resistance intrinsic). High DV allows the PC to avoid gorgon's breath.
- emperor lichs L
Emperor lichs are trouble. An exception to the general rule in this section, these annoying monsters are quite capable of killing
a PC quickly. They cast Death Ray, so resistance is essential. They see invisible, are attribute drainers and are summoners. A group
of emperor lichs, such as those found in greater undead vaults, is a challenge even for level 50 PCs who have won the game. They are
vulnerable to high effectivity fire spells. Improved Fireball with effectivity +20 or more and Willpower 48 or greater is a
spellcaster PC's friend against emperor lichs.
- molochs &
Molochs, and their larger brethren greater molochs, are a significant threat. Their melee attack can be for 100 HP or significantly more
in the case of GMs. They fall into the annoying category because it is possible to run away from them with any PC that has halfway decent
speed. They typically have a speed in the 60-70 range.
- quicklings p
In addition to punching through armor, all quicklings and are very, very fast. Regular quicklings and quickling
queens will employ hit and run tactic.
Quickling lords and kings use dark elven quarrels. They all try to avoid bolt spells by returning to a position where they cannot be hit, if possible.
Quickling kings and queens see invisible. Quickling queens have very strong poison attack, so it may be necessary to deal with poison damage
even if the PC has poison resistance. All quicklings regenerate health. Since they try to avoid melee and bolt magic, they are most easily
killed with missiles, or in a corridor.
- titans H
Titans and greater titans are very powerful late game monsters. They have excellent health, defense, damage output and speed.
They shoot eternium quarrels. They see invisible. They are immune to fire and lightning. A threat room full of titans could prove a significant challenge to
even the most advanced PCs. Do not compare these to giants or ogres. Titans are much stronger.
0.9.5.4 General strategies
If you cannot win a fair fight and you also cannot retreat - either the way is blocked or the monster is faster, not everything is lost. There might be a way to
disable your opponent somehow, helping you win the fight. The means to do so are detailed in the below table, listed approximately from weakest to strongest.
Note potions have to be thrown at your opponent, not drunk.
|Disability ||Means ||Effect on monster ||Notes
|Webs ||Web spell, wand of webbing ||no move ||does not work on large opponents and spiders; often does not work at all
|Poison ||potion of poison , wand of poison ||damage ||does not work on undead and constructs
|Stunning ||Stun Ray spell, wand of stunning  ||wander aimlessly; -4 to hit ||shrugged often, short duration
|Sickness ||potion of sickness ||damage; reduced attack damage||does not work on undead and constructs; good duration
|Confusion ||potion of confusion, potion of wonder ||wander aimlessly||very useful, works on everyone ; usually lasts longer than stunning
|Blindness ||potion of blindness  ||wander aimlessly; -4 to hit||very useful, works on everyone ; lasts longest
|Paralyzation||wand of paralyzation ||cannot do anything||most useful, works on everyone  unless shrugged
|Disable ||potion of cure corruption ||disable special attacks + damage ||most useful on monsters with corrupting hit and uniques
 Potion of poison can also be used to poison a weapon. The weapon then stays poisoned for several attacks.
 Everyone including the ElDeR cHaOs GoD!
 Thrown potions of cure poison will stun monsters with poisonous attacks, with 100 percent effectivity, except revenants which are undead and cannot be stunned.
 Cursed potion of invisibility, cursed potion of raw mana, Phial of Caladriel (humanoids only), light trap
Other means include teleporting away (you or the opp), the Scare Monster spell, exchanging the opp via thrown potion of exchange, or pacifying it via Calm Monster spell,
thrown potion of balance, berzio potion or Music skill where applicable. Wands of destruction, wands of earthquakes or the Earthquake spell can also
be used in dire situations. Remember darkness and/or invisibility often can be your friends, too.
0.9.6 Weapon status - blessed, uncursed, cursed
As previously noted, the damage inflicted on an opponent that falls into the demon or undead monster type is
dependent on the weapon's blessed vs uncursed vs cursed status. The formulae are as follows:
- for blessed weapons, inflicted damage = (normal damage * 1.5) - PV
- for uncursed weapons, inflicted damage = (normal damage * 1.0) - PV
- for cursed weapons, inflicted damage = (normal damage * 0.5) - PV
Cursed weapons also seem to be more prone to breakage. Blessed weapons seem to be less prone to breakage.
0.9.7 Monsters gain experience level - the uberjackal effect
Monsters gain xp level when the PC is killing them. It means if you manage to
kill a number of rats, the next generated rat will have higher xp level. Rarer
creatures require fewer kills to raise their xp level, a minimum is 5. For
example, orcs require 75 kills, rats and giant rats 50 kills, jackals 12 kills - avoid killing lots of those by any means!
Exceptions are breeders, who never gain xp. Monsters gain:
The uberjackal effect has been significantly reduced.
- PV +2 per 3 levels
- DV +1 per 5 levels
- number of attacks +1 per 10 levels
- damage +1 per 3 levels
- random HP increase proportional to level
0.9.8 Gaining experience
High Learning increases experience gains. For every 1 xp gained (remainders are accounted for exactly,
there is no rounding loss), the PC gains Le/1000 bonus xp. The Good Learner and Great Learner talents increase xp too.
There is rounding loss for many small kills.
The experience gained per killing a monster is dependent on Speed of both combatants according to the following formula:
Exp_gained = base_exp * (monster_speed / PC_speed)
This means lowering PC's speed as well as increasing monster speed before delivering the final hit are means of generating
more experience. This is most commonly achieved by repeatedly casting Slow Monster spell at the PC.
Beware however, there is a limit on maximum xp gain. Going beyond the limit will yield only 1 xp.
Besides killing monsters, very small amounts of experience can be gained via disarming traps. A fraction experience (1/20) is gained
when offering peace and when sacrificing monsters at an altar. There is no other known way of gaining experience.
0.9.8.1 Shambling mounds P
These guys love lightning. Any lightning damage increases their maximum HP by the damage amount.
Note it still damages them, only their maximum HP gets increased. PCs with some lightning spell and
some healing spell can make uber mounds rather quickly. They can then be dispatched via darkness
or invisibility for large xp amount.
0.9.9 Spellcasting monsters
Credit Sorear's Wiki - Monster Spellcraft.
Not only the PC, but also some monsters are able to cast spells. However, the spell
selection for monsters is very different, as is monster spell mechanics.
Spellcasting monsters do not use the PP and spell knowledge/power system PC uses.
There are three classes of monster spells: directed spells, touch attack spells,
and non-directed spells, and two monster spellcaster's properties: spell range and
0.9.9.1 Spell ranges
Directed spells have a range which is a property of the monster spellcaster. This range is the
same for all directed spells, and is generally square; beware of diagonals.
High level monsters gain 1 spell range per 4 levels. Chaotic and lawful spellcasters
have one third less range on Silvernight and Darknight, respectively. Base ranges
are a function of spellcaster type as follows:
|Range ||Spellcasting monster
|3 ||kobold shaman
|4 ||dark elven wizard, dark sage
|5 ||black druid
|6 ||great white wyrm, ogre magus
|8 ||great black wyrm, ki-rin, lich, master necromancer, skeletal king
|10 ||ancient karmic wyrm, great blue wyrm, master lich, minotaur mage, multi-headed chaos dragon, priest
|12 ||Ancient Chaos Wyrm, ancient blue wyrm, great karmic wyrm, great red wyrm, lich king, old crone, Oracle, shadow wyrm
|14 ||emperor lich
|15 ||Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage, quickling bard
0.9.9.2 Spell powers
The damage of spells is determined by another parameter of the monster, the spell power.
Every additional level gives a monster +1 spell power; chaotic and lawful spellcasters get one third more
spell power on Darknight or Silvernight respectively.
|Spell power ||Spellcasting monster
|3 ||kobold shaman
|5 ||master necromancer
|6 ||black druid
|8 ||ogre magus
|12 ||Cat Lord, great white wyrm, shadow wyrm
|13 ||druid, quickling bard
|15 ||greater daemon
|16 ||great black wyrm
|18 ||black wizard, green hag
|20 ||fairy dragon, great blue wyrm, lich, skeletal king
|22 ||ancient karmic wyrm
|24 ||great red wyrm
|25 ||annis hag, master lich
|30 ||Ancient Chaos Wyrm, ancient blue wyrm, great karmic wyrm, ki-rin, lich king, Oracle
|35 ||emperor lich
|40 ||old crone
|45 ||minotaur mage
|50 ||multi-headed chaos dragon
|63 ||Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage
0.9.9.3 Directed spells
These spells can be cast at range. Monsters will still use them in melee sometimes.
0.9.9.3.1 Energy bolt / Death ray
The Death Ray spell, described as an "energy bolt", attempts to instantly kill the target.
It is a dodgable spell and has finite range. Even if it hits, the target still may make a
saving throw and may have resistance; in either case, damage is done instead. There is no
multiple death ray resistance. The damage done by a resisted death ray is equal to
Xd3+Y where X = Max(15, spell power) and Y is 1d(spell power)-1. The PC will save
on a (Mana + Luck) in spell power chance.
|Death ray user ||Resisted damage range
|ki-rin, Oracle ||30-119
|emperor lich ||35-139
|Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage ||63-251
0.9.9.3.2 Stream of energy
This is a simple non-elemental damage spell. It is displayed as a yellow line
segment and described as a "painful stream of energy", or "strong magical energies"
when affecting monsters. It has finite range and can be dodged when affecting the PC;
against monsters, it can be shrugged like a bolt spell, with attack power equal to
spell power. It does (spell power+2)d4 damage.
Stream of energy
|Stream of energy user ||Base damage range
|dark elven wizard, dark sage ||2d4
|Ancient Chaos Wyrm ||32d4
|old crone || 42d4
|Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage ||65d4
This spell attempts to confuse its target. There is no path requirement; if the caster
can see the PC and the PC is in range, it is fair game regardless of angle or anything in the middle.
For monsters, success is based on a spell range and level, duration is Max(1, spell power/4)d2;
for PC the maths are much more involved and not worth detailing here in prose. Chance to
resist Confusion depends mainly on Willpower, with an effective +6 Willpower bonus per properly
equipped -Conf item. Luck is also added to effective Willpower. Confusion duration depends mostly
on -Conf items, but there is a small Willpower influence; Wi from 10 to 40 reduces average duration
by 20% (no effect on maximum).
|Confusion user||Wi thresholds to resist confusion with a given probability||Max confusion durations
|50%||75%||90%||95%||99%||99.9%||99.9999%||Is level 6+ Mindcrafter
|Number of -Conf items
|black druid || 3 || 4 || 5 || 5 || 6 || 8 || 11
||2 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||1
|great white wyrm, shadow wyrm || 6 || 9 || 10 || 11 || 11 || 12 || 15
||6 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1
|druid || 7 || 10 || 11 || 12 || 12 || 13 || 16
||6 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1
|great black wyrm || 8 || 12 || 14 || 15 || 15 || 16 || 19
||8 ||2 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1
|great blue wyrm, lich, skeletal king || 10 || 15 || 18 || 19 || 19 || 20 || 22
||10 ||3 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1
|ancient karmic wyrm || 11 || 16 || 19 || 20 || 21 || 22 || 24
||10 ||3 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1
|great red wyrm || 12 || 18 || 21 || 22 || 23 || 24 || 26
||12 ||3 ||2 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1
|master lich || 13 || 19 || 22 || 23 || 24 || 25 || 27
||12 ||3 ||2 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1
|Ancient Chaos Wyrm, ancient blue wyrm, great karmic wyrm, lich king || 15 || 22 || 27 || 28 || 29 || 30 || 33
||14 ||4 ||2 ||2 ||2 ||1 ||2 ||1 ||1 ||1
|emperor lich || 18 || 26 || 31 || 33 || 34 || 34 || 37
||16 ||4 ||3 ||2 ||2 ||1 ||2 ||2 ||1 ||1
|old crone || 20 || 30 || 36 || 38 || 39 || 39 || 42
||20 ||5 ||3 ||2 ||2 ||2 ||2 ||2 ||1 ||1
|minotaur mage || 23 || 34 || 40 || 42 || 44 || 44 || 47
||22 ||6 ||4 ||3 ||2 ||2 ||3 ||2 ||1 ||1
|multi-headed chaos dragon || 25 || 37 || 45 || 47 || 49 || 49 || 52
||24 ||6 ||4 ||3 ||2 ||2 ||3 ||2 ||2 ||1
|Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage || 32 || 47 || 56 || 59 || 62 || 62 || 64
||30 ||8 ||5 ||3 ||3 ||2 ||3 ||2 ||2 ||1
0.9.9.3.4 Glowing Balls / Magic Missile
This is attack spell which targets like an arrow. It is dodgable, and can be shrugged by
exactly as a bolt spell. It displays as a blue * and is described as glowing
balls, but in the endgame dump is named as magic missiles, leading many to believe it
non-elemental, but it actually does fire damage; it speeds up Drakelings, can melt beeswax,
and is reduced significantly by fire resistance (divided by 1 + 6 if intrinsic, + 3 per item).
Base damage is (spell power/2)d6.
|Glowing balls user ||Damage
|black druid ||3d6
|druid, great white wyrm, quickling bard, shadow wyrm ||6d6
|great black wyrm ||8d6
|great blue wyrm, lich, skeletal king ||10d6
|ancient karmic wyrm ||11d6
|great red wyrm, master lich ||12d6
|ancient blue wyrm, great karmic wyrm, lich king ||15d6
|emperor lich ||17d6
|old crone ||20d6
|Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage ||31d6
0.9.9.3.5 Cone of cold
Works like glowing balls, but deals cold damage.
Users: ogre magus, Master Necromancer, emperor lich, shadow wyrm, Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage, Ice Queen.
0.9.9.3.6 Shock bolt
Works like glowing balls, but deals lightning damage.
Users: kobold shaman, dark sage, Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage.
0.9.9.3.7 Avoiding directed spells
Your ability to avoid spells is not affected by DV, tactics, what you're avoiding,
or even the level of the caster. There are five checks to evade spells; only one of
them needs to pass. Most of the checks are much harder in the dark. First, you
will avoid a spell on a (Dx + Luck) in (Dx + 50 (120 in dark)) chance. Second,
you will avoid a spell on a (Mana + Luck) in 1000
check. The third check only applies if your speed is greater than 100; you have
a (speed - 100) in 100 (200 in darkness) chance to avoid spells, capped one short
of perfection (99% or 99.5%). Thus, if speed is boosted above 200, or 300 for
darkfighting, effective immunity to bolts is achieved; this is useful to remember
against dangerous spellcasters. Finally come the skill checks. Fourth is a straight
Dodge in 1000 (2000 if darkness) check. Finally, an Alertness check with a difficulty
of 200 (400) is made. Since Alertness is a [+] skill, multiple checks are possible
at high skill values; at 100, Alertness negates 7/8 of bolts that get this far.
With 99 Dexterity, 200 speed, and 100 Alertness, 1 in 2400 spells will connect.
0.9.9.4 Touch attack spells
These spells can only be used in melee range, so avoiding them is easy - just stay
out of range.
0.9.9.4.1 Drain attribute
Monsters will only use Drain attribute against the PC, never other monsters.
If successful, one random attribute is lowered by 1d3 permanently.
The Drain attribute spell is used by the following spellcasters: black druid,
great white wyrm, greater daemon, lich king, emperor lich, old crone, minotaur mage,
multi-headed chaos dragon, Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage.
This spell will only be used by monsters against the PC, and has two possible results.
An item is selected from inventory completely at random. If the PC has no items,
or gold is the item chosen, the PC himself will be subjected to the curse; otherwise,
the chosen item will. If the PC already has the Cursed
intrinsic, there is 16.7% chance to gain the Doomed intrinsic instead.
The Curse spell is used by the following spellcasters: black druid,
quickling bard, great black wyrm, black wizard, green hag, annis hag, master lich,
lich king, emperor lich, old crone, minotaur mage, multi-headed chaos dragon,
Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage.
0.9.9.4.3 Teleport other
Pretty self-explanatory effects, equivalent to zapping a wand of teleportation.
Against monsters, only a level-dependent save is used; low-level monsters will almost never
resist. In principle this provides a way to teleport Khelavaster off the stairs;
sadly, the monster AI will never make attacks against dying sages. No effect on non-teleport levels.
The Teleport other spell is used by the following spellcasters: druid, quickling bard,
fairy dragon, old crone, Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage.
0.9.9.4.4 Avoiding touch attack spells
The PC avoids attribute drain or "Curse the PC" spells if Luck + 1dMa-1 >= 1d(spell power-1).
Therefore, high Mana and Luck are extremely beneficial, but cannot provide
enough safety from these.
Curse item and Teleport other use easier save. They are avoided if 1d(spell power)-1 > Mana+Luck.
Thus, high Mana can make your PC safe from item curses;
the Mana needed in this way must be equal to the relevant spell power. With 25 or higher Mana,
any item is safe from all cursing monsters that are not also attribute drainers
(if the PC has positive Luck, and it is not Darknight).
0.9.9.5 Non-targeted spells
These spells do not require an enemy at all.
Turns the user invisible for (spell power / 2)d4 turns. Used by ogre magus (4d4 turns),
Cat Lord (6d4 turns), and Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage (31d4 turns).
Darkens an octagonal area around the caster. Diameter is equal to spell range.
Used by black druid (diameter 5), and Chaos Archmage, ElDeR cHaOs GoD, ancient sage (diameter 15).
Heals the caster up to (spell power)d5 damage, with no effect on any statuses.
Used by priest (4d5), black druid (6d5), druid (13d5), ancient karmic wyrm (22d5),
Ancient Chaos Wyrm (30d5), ancient blue wyrm (30d5), ki-rin (30d5), old crone (40d5),
ancient sage (63d5).
0.9.9.5.4 Greater Heal
This spell restores its user to full health and ends bleeding.
Used by ancient sage, emperor lich, lich, lich king, master lich.
0.9.10 Summoners and Breeders
Credit ADOM Wiki - Summoner and Breeder.
Summoners are a type of monster. In addition to their normal attacks and skills, they have the ability to magically call upon
assistance. Different summoners can summon different types and numbers of monsters. Some summoners are capable of summoning more summoners and
quickly get out of hand. Summoners will get exhausted by summoning and stop for a while but they will recover and resume summoning. If you or
your companion fights them, they will find less time to continue summoning, but the only way to stop summoners for good is killing them.
List of summoners and what they summon:
- Balor - Random monsters
- Black wizard - Random monsters
- Blink dog - Blink dog
- Chaos wizard - Chaos servant, Greater chaos servant, Chaos warrior, Writhing mass of primal chaos
- Dark elven priestess - Large spider, Giant spider, Cave fisher, Tarantula
- Dark elven princess - Large spider, Giant spider, Cave fisher, Tarantula
- Dark elven wizard - Large spider, Giant spider, Cave fisher, Tarantula
- Emperor lich - Random monsters
- Fistanarius the Greater Balor - Random monsters
- Jackalwere - Jackal
- Lich king - Random Monsters
- Master lich - Random Undead
- Mimic hivemind - Mimic, Greater mimic, Master mimic
- Necromancer - Zombie, Ghul, Skeleton
- Nonnak the Master Necromancer - Random undead
- Nuurag-Vaarn the Chaos Archmage - Random monsters
- Shadow wyrm - Shadow
- Shopkeeper - Thug (this summon happens once; Waldenbrook summons Muscular dwarves instead)
- Skeletal king - Skeletal warrior
- Wererat - Rat, Giant rat
- Werewolf - Wolf, Dire wolf, Silver wolf
- Werewolf lord - Wolf, Dire wolf, Silver wolf, Werewolf
- Werewolf king - Wolf, Dire wolf, Silver wolf, Werewolf, Werewolf lord
- Yulgash the Master Summoner - Random monsters
Breeders are monsters with the ability to replicate. Unlike summoners, they can only create one type of monster (themselves), and can only create them one at a time.
While all breeders create further monsters of the same species, there are two ways that such monsters can breed: either by spawning separate monsters of the same species,
or actually duplicating themselves. When a monster duplicates ("The foo duplicates and another foo appears!"), its own HP is halved and the new monster is created with
the same amount of HP. When a monster spawns another ("The foo spawns another foo!"), the spawner doesn't lose any HP and the spawned monster is created with its HP at full.
One major difference between breeders and summoners is that breeders can be sterilized - ie. kept from replicating - using a scroll of vermin control, or a prayer.
Note that Gremlins - who replicate only when being splashed with water, for instance from a water trap - are not true summoners nor are they true breeders - true summoners
and breeders require no outside influence to create more monsters. They are included here for sake of completeness. It should also be noted that duplicated gremlins are considered
summoned - not bred - creatures by the game.
List of breeders and how they breed:
- Battle bunny - duplicates
- Brown worm - spawns
- Chaos rat - duplicates
- Chaos spawn - spawns
- Claw bug - spawns
- Gray ooze - duplicates
- Greater claw bug - spawns
- Green blob - duplicates
- Green slime - duplicates
- Green worm - spawns
- Gremlin - multiplying itself when it meets water
- Killer bug - spawns
- Mutated battle bunny - duplicates
- Ochre jelly - duplicates
- Purple worm - spawns
- Red worm - spawns
- White worm - spawns
- Stone ooze - duplicates
A monster can be enraged by a number of actions in the game. The exact effects of rage are the same for each monster,
however - due to careless fury, enraged monsters can execute twice as many attacks as normal, gain +6 +3..+6 to-hit and +6 +3..+6
damage, but lose 3 6 points of DV.
The following actions are known to make monsters enter a state of rage:
- Monster stepping on a corpse of another monster of the same race (and same class, where applicable) - "foo steps on the foo corpse and becomes enraged!"
- PC eating a corpse within a monster's line of sight that belonged to a monster of that monster's race - "The foo is enraged as he/she/it watches you!"
- Sometimes when a monster has taken a certain amount of damage, instead of panicking they decide to fight to the death - "The foo decides to fight to the death in a blind rage!"
- Dragons can be angered by giving them a dragon hide item that is the same color as them - "The foo rips the <item> in a fit of anger apart! The foo roars in anger!"
- If the PC kills Ruun, all the inhabitants of Dwarftown will become enraged. This makes formidable NPCs such as Waldenbrook especially dangerous.
Sometimes monsters are marked as (afraid) after their monster type, which means that they are panicking and attempt to flee from the PC
if possible. Surprisingly afraid monsters tend to pick up loot from the floor, which hinders their chances to escape. If they can they
will run to a corner and stay there. Running away can be prevented if the PC uses ranged attack on them. If monster with afraid
status has no escape route, it will attack the PC and might enter raged state. Reasons why monster my be afraid:
- unholy aura corruption
- being Natural enemy of undead
- PC using Turn Undead
- monster being injured
- weapon or armor with the "It spreads terror." ability
0.9.13 Boss monsters
Boss monster is a special feature. Practically, a special monster (from a fixed list) has a chance of being generated on any level with
corresponding DL. As soon as a boss monster is generated on the level with the PC the following message is displayed:
"You sense an imminent and blood-chilling threat..."
The list of Boss monsters is very long, it includes 147 creatures submitted by ADOM Resurrection Campaign participants. Not all of the Boss monsters'
abilities are yet known. Consult ADOM Wiki - Boss monster for the list, which is
Updated October 19th, 2016