Improved ADOM Guidebook

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Increasing attributes - Training explained - Training with Garth - Training with herbs - Eating corpses - Drinking potions - Crystals of knowledge - Rearranging attributes - Increasing attributes beyond their usual limits - Luck - Speed


A basic description of the attributes can be found in the ADOM Manual. The current value for attributes is displayed on the main game screen. The current value and the potential maximum value for the PC's attributes can be found on the screen shown by the @ command.

Attributes can increase or decrease for many reasons, some of which are detailed below. When an attribute changes, the following messages are generated:

Attribute changes
Attribute Increases Decreases
Strength Your muscles feel stronger. Your muscles soften.
Learning You feel studious. Thinking seems to get tougher.
Willpower Your will seems inflexible. You feel soft-hearted.
Dexterity Your movements are getting swifter. You are getting shaky.
Toughness Your health increases. It seems that you are getting a cold.
Charisma You feel very self-confident. You feel reserved.
AppearanceYour looks improve. You are growing a wart.
Mana You feel more in touch with the world.You are getting out of touch with everything.
PerceptionYour senses sharpen. You seem to get less perceptive.

0.6.1 Increasing attributes

It is to any PC's advantage to raise attributes to the potential maximum and beyond. There are several ways to do this. Attributes may be increased to their potential maximum (and beyond) naturally by training the attribute.

In R+, attributes cannot be raised beyond their potential by natural means. This means all of the methods described in this section, except Potions, will work only up to the natural maximum. Additionally, when an attribute is reduced to 1 and further negative modifiers are to be applied to it, its potential starts taking hits. Training attributes naturally

How to train attributes naturally
AttributeHow to train (or abuse) naturally
Strength Burdened if St<15, Strained if St<16, Strained! if St<18, Overburdened if St<20
kicking stairs trains St a lot (+20), but beware of stairs collapse (St/2000 chance)
kicking down doors (not always)
breaking webs if St<15
using pickaxe successfully on rock
of weakness abuses St
Learning reading scrolls and spellbooks
casting Identify
potion of literacy (20/100/500 C/U/B)
dull room abuses Le
Willpower casting spells/reading books while confused/stunned
of surrending abuses Wi
Dexterity disarming traps
evading door traps
catching a returning missile weapon (Dx / 20 chance to catch)
moving over discovered pit trap
of fumbling abuses Dx
Overburdened abuses Dx (-2)
Toughness cure sickness (1d10)
waiting for sickness to wear out (+10)
eating candy or gnomish candy abuses To (-5/-50)
Charisma successfully ordering companions
offering peace
Appearance no known way to train naturally
Mana casting spells from PP, from HP abuses Ma -1d500+500
evading undiscovered traps
creating undead slaves (a lot, but costs Ma)
Druid summoning monsters
Perception casting Knock
drinking carrot juice, best if blessed (+6), cursed abuses (-6)
disarming traps
evading door traps
finding secret doors
being Blind for long periods

The Athletics skill also helps raise physical attributes (St, Dx, To) more quickly and has a half effect on Appearance. It trains twice as fast if attribute < 10, and three times as fast if attribute < 5. It happens at only level up, basic effect is skill level x 100.

Training explained
Credit Sorear's Wiki - Stat Training. Training value is associated with every attribute, ranging from -5000 to 5000. Natural training happens once in 500-1000 turns, and always at level up. Every level up trains every attribute by level if it's not at potential max. If St < 10, train by 100 at level up, if < 5 another 100. Also with Toughness.

There is a chance that the attribute will be increased or decreased on each check. No training occurs if Training=0, if Training>0 then an attribute increase is possible, otherwise an attribute decrease is possible.

If the attribute isn't at maximum (or Training is negative), number from 1 to N is rolled randomly, and if abs(Training) > RolledNumber, then the attribute is increased or decreased. It means the smaller N, the bigger chance for an attribute change. If Learning > 9 (or Training is negative), N = X * (attribute+10), otherwise N = X * (attribute+20-Le). X=50 if Training is positive, X=10 if negative; it means negative training generates 5 times smaller N, thus is 5 times more effective. If the attribute was increased, Training is decreased by 1000 points, but not below zero. If an attribute decrease occured, Training is set to 0.

If the attribute is at its potential (and Training is positive), or it is not at potential but 1/10 chance, (another) number from 1 to attributePotential*100+750 is rolled randomly. If Training > RolledNumber, then the attribute potential goes up and Training is decreased by (another) 2000 points, but not below 0.

Finally, another 1000 points of Training are removed, not below 0. To sum up, PC loses 1000 points of Training on unsuccessfull check, 2000 on attribute increase, 3000 on potential increase, and 4000 on attribute and potential increase. Training with Garth

The dwarven weaponmaster Garth, found in Dwarftown, can be paid to increase attributes other than Appearance and Mana.

See section 3.5.5 for a bit more detail on training with Garth. Training attributes with herbs "

Two of the herbs can be used in order to increase attributes to a maximum of about 25-27 per attribute. These are:

Tip: when your Wi/To attributes or your Dx attribute is 24 and the natural maximum is greater than 24 (in other words, when one more increase would put you to 25), use all of the morgia and not cursed moss of marelion you can, since once you hit 25, the herbs become useless. But if you pack on the training at 24, you may still get another increase or two after you hit 25, from the remainder.

In any case, do not eat or use additional herbs until the attribute increases have taken effect - this may take a while. Increasing attributes by eating corpses %

Many corpses have an affect on attributes. Some simply increase a given attribute, others will increase one attribute while decreasing another. Some have a limit, that is, they will only increase an attribute to a certain number, after which they will have no effect. Others affect attributes regardless of their value.

For example, spellcaster corpses have 17% probability of granting +1 Ma, except for kobold shaman corpse, which always grants +1 Ma, but also causes sickness. Refer to section 0.3.3 for the other effects resulting from eating monster corpses. Increasing attributes with potions !

There are five kinds of potions that increase or decrease the PC's attributes directly: potions of -attribute-, potions of potential -attribute-, potions of boost -attribute-, potions of gain attributes and potions of carrot juice. Rearranging attributes is dealt with below.

Potions of -attribute- behave as follows: Crystals of knowledge *

Using crystals of knowledge has two possible effects: if the crystal is uncursed, a bit of the level layout around the PC is revealed. If the crystal is blessed, a 1d2 increase to the Learning attribute may also occur. There is a limit similar to that encountered with herbs: Learning increase mostly fails around 25 - 27 or so with blessed crystals of knowledge.

0.6.2 Rearranging attributes Potions of exchange !

Drinking a potion of exchange changes your attributes, not taking into account any effects from corruption or equipment. A cursed potion of exchange swaps six attributes randomly, an uncursed one twists five, and a blessed one swaps two attributes around. Potions of balance !

Potions of balance can be very, very helpful if you know how to use them. When you drink one, the game calculates the average of all of your attributes, rounds it down, and adds a number depending on the potion's status. For a blessed potion, it's +3, uncursed 0, and cursed -3. The attribute changes are based on this final score.

If an attribute exceeds this score, it's lowered by one. If it's below this, it's raised by one. If it's equal, it remains unchanged.

Therefore, if you have a well-rounded character, with most or all attribute scores close to each other and drink a blessed potion of balance, you will get a boost to most or all attributes.

However, this only happens with 100-4*(attributeAverage-10) % chance. This means 100% chance for attribute averages of 10, 0% for 35. The B/U/C status of the potion is counted towards that attributeAverage as explained earlier. Otherwise, alignment is moved towards neutrality instead.

Note also that potions of balance take into account all attribute-modifying elements including worn equipment, wielded equipment and corruptions in R+, base values are used.

0.6.3 Increasing attributes beyond their usual limits

None of these methods work anymore, since in R+, all training uses base, not modified attributes.

Certain afflictions will lower attributes. While suffering from these, the PC can take advantage of this fact to increase her attributes. Once the affliction wears off or is removed, the attribute will recover and exceed the usual limit.

Sickness: -2 to several attributes; -5 to Toughness

Starvation: -4 to Strength as soon as Starving status is reached. As time passes, Strength, Learning, Willpower and Dexterity begin dropping. They will eventually reach half their starting value (Strength reaches half the value after the immediate -4). While the attributes are dropping, the PC is not in danger of starving to death. When the attributes reach the halfway point, the PC is in danger of dying and should eat something. Since Starvation halves attributes rather than simply decrementing them it is much more powerful than Sickness.

Rings of weakness: Decreases Strength to 2. Be careful to drop the PC's pack (and heavy worn equipment ie. Big Punch) before using rings of weakness.

An extremely convenient scenario for these tactics is mining out a level that supports herbs. Morgia roots and moss of mareilon train Toughness, Willpower and Dexterity. Stomacemptia can be used for Starvation. Mining will generate crystals of knowledge for training Learning and Stone Giant corpses for increasing Strength. Even better if it is near Dwarftown. Most PCs will not have the Mining skill or an artifact pickaxe and will need Glod's help repairing pickaxes for 1500 gold pieces. This exploit should raise these attributes into the 50s.

Garth (section 3.5.5) is a potentially endless source of attribute increases for those attributes he trains. The limitless gold available from the Casino can be used for this.

0.6.4 Luck

Credit Sorear's Wiki - Luck. Luck is a hidden property of the PC, which is not stored anywhere, but rolled whenever needed. This Guidebook sometimes references to Luck. The following table explains how Luck is calculated.

Luck modifications
Condition Luck modification
Being Blessed +2
Birthday +1d12+1
+Luck intrinsic +3
+Fate intrinsic +6
Ankh or platinum girdle equipped +3
Correctly equipped item that grants +Luck +2
Correctly equipped item that grants +Fate +4
Always if 1d100 < Ma then +Max(1d(Ma/10+2)-1,4)
+Curs intrinsic -2d2
+Doom intrinsic -3d5
Correctly equipped item that grants +Curs -1d(Number of +Curs items * 3)+1
Correctly equipped item that grants +Doom -1d(Number of +Doom items * 8)+1
Savegame cheating -1d200

The actual Luck roll is 1dGoodLuck-1 + BadLuck, where GoodLuck are conditions which increase Luck, and BadLuck are conditions which decrease luck (last 5 rows from the above table). This gives overall positive or negative bonus to the situation. Note that being Doomed (and Cursed) in itself will also further impact many situations beyond the Luck roll penalty above.

0.6.5 Speed

The speed system is well covered in the ADOM Manual. The following table quantitates the means of modifying PC's speed.

Speed modifiers
Activity Speed modifier
Slowed (Slow Monster, or by an opponent) -50%
Overburdened! -40
Strained! -20
Strained -10
Bloated -10
Burdened -5
Satiated -5
Drunk -5
Starving -5
Talents (Quick, Very Quick, Greased Lightning) +2, +5, +9
Athletics skill up to +8
Raven birthsign +10
Dexterity +1 for every 2 points above 17
Wish +20d20, +1 permanent

Monks and Beastfighters also receive speed bonuses as they level. Some items such as a quicksilver staff, ring/amulet of speed, and the artifacts Black Torc, Ring of the Master Cat and Boots of Great Speed can also increase the PC's speed. Corpses of monster such as quicklings and claw bugs and potions of quickling blood can also increase base speed. Slow Monster spell, boots of the slow shuffle, moloch armors, armor of sloth, high burden and high satiation can be used to guarantee speed increases from corpses, akin to sickness/starvation training for attributes.

Updated March 11th, 2013